Ohhh the beauty of majestic mountains. I think most people can agree there is something powerful about seeing a mountain looming off in the distance. There is something even more powerful about climbing to the top of a mountain and looking down on the world. Mountains are truly spectacular, but do you know how they are made?
Mountains are created from the movement of tectonic plates. Some plates move apart (as they do in the mid-atlantic ridge) while some plates slowly collide into one another. This is how mountains are born. Over hundreds of thousands of years, tectonic plates crash into each other in slow motion– centimeter by centimeter–as one plate is subducted under the other pushing the lighter plate high into the air.
Something I recently learned is the the smaller a mountain ridge is, the older it is. Take the Appalachian Mountains for example, they are rounded and shorter than the Rockies. The Rockies are a newer mountain range and since they are newer, they haven’t had as much time to erode. This allows for the sharp peaks and angles we see in these mountains. The Appalachian Mountains used to look more rugged and taller until weather eroded them down to the rounded, dull peaks we see today.
The most astounding mountain range in the world is, of course, The Himalayas–home to Mount Everest. This mountain range is the newest in the world, created by the Indian tectonic plate smashing into Eurasian tectonic plate. I hope to see this mountain range in person one day. Some other mountain ranges I hope to visit in the future include:
- The Swiss Alps
- The Dolomites
- The Grand Tetons (Rockies)